What Is the Market Economy? | The market economy is a system in which supply and demand determine how goods and services are produced.
What Is the Market Economy? Natural resources, capital, and labour all contribute to supply. Purchases are made by consumers, corporations, and the government.
A Market Economy’s Definition
The market economy is one in which firms are owned by both private and governmental entities. These businesses employ labourers and workers. Businesses and customers own land, buildings, materials, resources, and money.
These businesses can do business with each other as they see fit, and customers can buy and sell whatever they choose. Businesses sell their goods and services for the highest possible price. Competition influences prices as well. If one business sells goods for $2.00, another may price $1.95 in order to attract more customers.
This competition allows individuals and corporations to shop around for the best deals. Employers want the most skilled personnel at the lowest feasible wages, while workers offer their abilities and services at the highest potential wages they can garner.
What Makes a Market Economy Work?
To function, a market economy must possess at least six characteristics.
The majority of commodities and services are owned by individuals. Owners can make money by selling or leasing their property, products, or services.
Owners are free to manufacture, sell, and purchase goods and services in a competitive market. They only have two elements over which they have some control. First and foremost, a buyer must be willing to pay the price that the seller has established for their goods or services. Second, the cost of producing and selling their goods, as well as the price at which they may sell them, define the quantity of capital they have.
The majority of companies were started with the intentions of its founders in mind. A market economy provides opportunity, allows people to work for themselves, and allows them to provide the best possible care for their families.
Everyone sells their goods to the highest bidder while bargaining for the best deal on their purchases. Although the motivation is selfish, it ultimately benefits the economy. It establishes an auction system in which products and services are priced according to their market value. In addition, the system generates a precise picture of supply and demand at any given time.
A Market and Pricing System
In a market economy, a well-functioning marketplace for the exchange of goods and services is vital. A market is said to be efficient when all buyers and sellers have equal access to the same information regarding prices, supply, and demand. As a result, price changes are just a reflection of supply and demand.
Demand is determined by five factors:
- Product cost
- Buyer’s profit
- Prices for similar items
- Consumer preferences and buyer expectations
There are six factors that influence supply:
- The market’s number of sellers
- Level of production technology
- Amount of regulation, taxes, or subsidies
- The cost of other items
- Price expectations for the future
- The factors of supply and demand are what cause market system adjustments.
What Benefits Does a Free Market Economy Provide?
I was on a website the other day when someone asked why free-market economies were superior to the claimed utopian or communist civilizations that are sometimes seen in other parts of the world. It appears to me that we have standardised testing for maths, English, and writing in the United States of America, but we don’t convey to people why free-market capitalism and a free-market economy are so fundamental to our nation’s vitality.
So, perhaps I should explain why free-market capitalism is so amazing, and I’ll do so from a philosophical standpoint, as well as explain how it relates to natural human motivation. People, you see, have an innate desire to live a better life.
Maslow’s hierarchy of requirements states that once people have their basic needs met (food, housing, and clothing), they seek enjoyment, relationships, and respect from their peers. They eventually achieve self-actualization.
When we analyse all of the species’ basic innate features as well as what motivates people, it’s easy to see why a free-market economy works and why it has an inherent edge. You see, if you want something, you have to labour and produce in order to acquire it. The more you generate, the more money you’ll make and the more stuff you’ll be able to have.
The worth of the things or services that you work to generate will determine the price at which you are compensated for your labour. If you produce something that everyone wants, they will be willing to pay you more for it, and you will be able to afford more of the things you desire. This means that more individuals will be working to produce the commodities that the majority of people want, in order to earn the best income and obtain the things they desire.
This means that labour will naturally flow to higher-paying jobs until everyone gets all they require and is pleased. Labour will flow to cover those demands as soon as people want something different. When everyone has everything they want, things tend to balance out, until something new comes along that people desire, and the cycle repeats.
This system functions fine unless it is manipulated, or labour flows or regulation obstruct the production process. When free markets are left alone with the least amount of restriction, they perform best.
And when there are fewer regulations, a free-market economy functions best, as buyers and sellers are able to create free contracts and decide what they want for themselves without government intrusion. Indeed, I hope you will take all of this into consideration and consider it.
The Issues with Our Free Market Economy
There is a significant distinction between a job and a career. A job is something you do while looking for a permanent position. Wal-Mart, McDonald’s, Barnes and Noble, and other retailers come to mind when I think of jobs. These are your low-paying jobs, or minimum-wage jobs. The majority of these positions are filled by high school and college students, and they are usually temporary.
Working in the service business appeals to some people. For many, freedom and socialisation are more important than the salary. It’s the best they can do for a variety of reasons for others.
Today, it appears that the service industry in this country is booming, while manufacturing jobs and meaningful work are diminishing. I shouldn’t use the word diminishing. Those jobs are still available; they’ve just been outsourced or corporations have relocated. Elsewhere refers to locations outside of the United States.
Because there was less competition at first, the free market economy benefited the United States. Except for the United States, Russia, and the European Union, most other countries were still developing and trying to catch up. Either their governments were unstable, or they lacked the knowledge and resources necessary to compete effectively in the global economy.
For a long time, the United States was the undisputed leader in terms of manufacturing. Across this vast country, industries sprang up and expanded. The free market economy was at its peak during those years. At least in our case. Then a gradual shift took place.
The expense of conducting business in the United States increased, while fresh resources became available across the ocean. China began to develop at an incredible rate as more and more people began to migrate from the countryside to the metropolis. Mexico was close by and had a plentiful supply of cheap labour.
This situation was playing out all across the world, as American businessmen realised that crossing boundaries was in their best interests. Furthermore, outsourcing resulted in the expansion of new markets in other countries. All of this has had a significant impact on the US economy. Approximately 10 million people are unemployed, with minimum wage service industry work being the only option.
Because it is cheaper to produce items overseas, those jobs have vanished. Our automobile sector now needs to compete with corporations from other countries that were ahead of us in going green with their models. Not only have manufacturing jobs vanished, but new businesses have sprouted in other countries. Manufacturing things that are both cheaper and just as good as those made in the United States.
Because Americans had more disposable cash in the early years when things were going so well for us, the service industry began to develop. That is still true today, which is why the service business continues to thrive. The issue we are presently facing is that the global economy is gradually reducing our disposable income.
This is accomplished through increased international competitiveness. The bottom line is that a firm will act in its own best interests. Today, it is increasingly in a company’s best advantage to relocate its headquarters. This increases another country’s capital while decreasing our own. So now we’ve lost not only that employment, but also our resources.
Factory buildings are still standing empty, and all of the valuable machinery has been relocated to another country. What’s left is an unemployed American whose only hope of finding work is to ask, “How may I assist you today?” One of the major causes of our current dilemma, in my opinion, is simply competition at all levels from outside our boundaries.
Other countries are developing and rising, and have reached a point of economic development where they can compete aggressively with the US economy.
I’m not sure what the future holds for the United States. What I do know is that staying on top for any amount of time is really difficult.I am concerned about our way of life now that we have some significant competition.
How to Survive in a Market Economy
The beauty of our society is that we keep meticulous records of everything, and numbers never lie. By examining the data, you can practically predict the future. As a child, you can make selections based on numerous statistics that will either lead you to death or greatness.
A child can predict what kind of life they will have if they use drugs based on statistics. Or what kind of health they will have later in life if they participate in sports. If they quit school, for example.
By the age of 65, the majority of people are broke and have nothing to leave their children. Unwillingly, some parents subject their children to the same destiny as they did. They claim that one percent of the population owns 99 percent of the wealth.
In the United States, the average college student leaves with $27,000 in debt. The vast majority of college graduates look for work in the private sector. 99.9% of college students in free market economies receive less than an hour of education on how to successfully start their own business. 95% of all new enterprises in the United States fail.
With an average credit card debt of $8,000, 34% of older Americans must use credit cards to pay for essential living expenditures such as home payments, groceries, and utilities. The average monthly Social Security check in the United States is $1,230.
Anyone looking at these data with an open mind would conclude that the majority of people will not succeed in America, which has long been a shining example of the free market system.
What if we looked free market economy youngsters in the eyes and told them the truth? If we did, it would go something like this: Son, you will graduate from college in debt, wait six months to find your first job, and even after working until you’re 65, you won’t have enough savings to pay for life after retirement, so you’ll have to rely on social security, if it’s still available, and if that isn’t enough, you’ll have to use credit cards to make up the difference.
You will then die penniless, with nothing to leave your children. This is precisely how to fail in a free market economy, yet it is precisely what youngsters in free market cultures are trained to do.
Free market systems are no longer what they once were, and certainly not what they claim to be. In reality, the average person is lousy at entrepreneurship and is eager to work for someone else, despite the fact that statistics show that this is a route that leads to early death while broke and ill.
People have recently been forced into self-employment as a result of the poor global economy and high unemployment rate. Forced, to be exact! As a result, the number of people who predominantly work for themselves has risen to a stunning 14 percent of the working-age population in the United States.
What went wrong with free market economies, and where did they go wrong? What went wrong? The Americas and the Caribbean were founded on the principles of free enterprise. Even the first ships to sail to the Atlantic coast did so for commercial reasons. People travelled to “the west” seeking chances not accessible in their native countries; they wanted to escape being treated as second-class citizens by royal dynasties who owned the land and taxed them to death. They came here in search of opportunity and free enterprise, and they were determined to succeed at any cost.
So, what happened? When did people start to lose their way? The industrial revolution began in the mid-nineteenth century. Prior to it, skilled labour was performed by either self-employed skilled tradesmen or slaves who were clearly coerced. In either case, there was only one method to get work done: by a human or an animal. However, with the advent of the industrial revolution, a third method of doing tasks emerged: machines.
The economic leverage shifted from slave to machine with the invention of machines and the creation of factories, transforming America from an agriculture-based economy to an industry-based economy. The industrialists needed educated personnel to run the factories, operate the machines, fix, create, and maintain the technologies in order to capitalise on this new technology.
These capitalists, including American financier and industrial organiser John Pierpont Morgan (J.P. Morgan), steel magnate Andrew Carnegie, and oil magnate John D. Rockefeller, were instrumental in the construction of a public school system that would train a workforce for the new industry.
Instead of complete bicycles, this public school system was created to build spokes in a wheel. So men whose fathers were self-employed small business owners (plumbers, ranchers, butchers, blacksmiths, and so on) were now simply workers employed by large consolidated industrial conglomerates that ate them up and spit them out, creating barons of industries and millionaires while leaving the worker never earning much more than his family’s living expenses and retiring penniless, much like they do today.
This transformation of the free enterprise system into what we have now resulted in a lasting shift in the entrepreneurial spirit of ordinary people, who now believe that you must work hard for money. If something is simple, it must be too good to be true, and other self-limiting attitudes that force people to shun opportunities to be self-made, to take risks, and, when they do, to fail terribly because they were never taught the skills to succeed.
Despite all of the advantages of self-employment and the statistics that illustrate what would happen if you go to school and work for someone else for the rest of your life, people continue to believe that it takes money to generate money when it really only takes ideas, drive, determination, and persistence.
Even the American tax code is designed for people who take advantage of the free market by starting enterprises and creating possibilities. Employees who refuse to engage in the free market system refer to these tax advantages as tax loopholes. If you merely engage in the free market system, you can save thousands of dollars by taking advantage of approximately 500 tax deductions available to businesses and self-employed individuals.
Many people are hesitant to start their own business because they lack confidence in their ability, ideas, or resources to make it successful. If you’re one of these folks, a franchise system is one of the best ways to overcome all of your faults.
Most franchise systems, such as the McDonald’s franchise, demand a start-up cost of up to ten times the typical yearly earnings. For example, a McDonald’s restaurant’s average annual profit is around $200,000, so if you were to acquire a McDonald’s restaurant, you’d need roughly $2,000,000 to get started.
But don’t be discouraged; there are plenty of other franchise opportunities. Network marketing and multi-level marketing firms are two of the most cost-effective solutions. These businesses now have a negative reputation. Every year, millions of Americans try some form of multilevel marketing, and millions more are currently involved in the sector.
MLM firms have no better or worse success rates than any other type of start-up business. However, the risk-to-reward ratio with MLM company opportunities is typically considerably better than with other forms of start-up businesses.
The main issue is that people believe MLM is a get-rich-quick scheme, when the reality is that it is just as difficult to succeed in as any other business, depending on who you are, what skills you have, and how dedicated you are — basically the same factors that determine success in any other business. The four things that every prospect requires are daily cash flow, fresh leads on a daily basis, a duplicatable information procedure, and sales training.
Sales is about communication, listening more and talking less, and understanding the demands of your prospects or clients. Being constant with your follow-up is crucial in sales. It takes confidence to ask for a sale; you must be comfortable asking them to put money down.
The key benefits of any home-based business, particularly MLM, network marketing, or affiliate marketing opportunities, are that they are essentially a business-in-a-box with unlimited revenue potential, give time control, minimal start-up costs, low risk to reward, and are a terrific lifestyle business.
Have I already scared you away? I sincerely hope not. I invite you to learn more about the different business models accessible to aspiring entrepreneurs and wantrepreneurs in the new technology-driven economy by visiting my blog http://waytogetmoney.com.